Mini dental implants function similarly to traditional implants but with some notable differences. In traditional implants, an abutment is affixed to the titanium implant screw, providing support for the final restoration.
MDIs, however, are approximately half the diameter of traditional implants and utilize a titanium post instead of a screw. Instead of an abutment, MDIs utilize a ball and socket attachment system. The ball attached to the titanium post serves as the attachment point for the O-ring in the replacement tooth.
Similarities Between MDIs And Full-Size Dental Implants:
- Both implants are inserted into the jawbone.
- Once inserted, the implants are securely fixed in place.
- They serve to replace the tooth root and support replacement teeth.
- Implant placement can stimulate bone regeneration around the implant site.
- Implants can support single or multiple teeth for crowns or bridges, and aid in stabilizing removable lower arch dentures.
MDIs May Be Preferred Over Full-Size Dental Implants in the Following Cases:
- Insufficient bone mass in the jaw to support a full-size implant screw.
- Limited space for inserting the fabricated tooth, such as in the case of an incisor.
- Congenitally missing teeth in children or young adults.
- Minimally invasive techniques are necessary due to health concerns or other factors.